The following issues are regarded as potentially important for the future.
Challenges faced by the land reform process.
The most notable constraint to the sustainability of the land reform process is the inadequacy (or in some cases absence) of the support and extension services needed to enable new beneficiaries to be successful farmers. In order for the intended social and economic benefits to accrue to target communities, some additional interventions will be required.
There is considerable uncertainty regarding the effects of climate change. Although there are few studies on its potential impacts on land degradation in South Africa, indications are that the most severely degraded areas of South Africa could
become more susceptible to degradation.
The common patterns shown by the latest global climate models include:
- Wetting in the eastern part of South Africa, stretching from northern parts of the Eastern Cape to Limpopo (the extent to which the wetting extends into the interior is not known for certain)
- Drying in the Western and Northern Cape provinces, in the northwestern parts of Limpopo, and in the western parts of North West
- A shorter rainfall season in the Western Cape, with the eastern interior regions of the province experiencing increased late summer rainfall.
These patterns indicate that degradation in parts of the Western Cape, Northern Cape, North West, and Limpopo provinces may be exacerbated by climate change.