Emerging issues
Air quality Ozone Biodiversity Governance
Climate Inland Water Land Vulnerability
Human settlements Marine

Human settlements

Human settlements define people’s existence.  They are places – large and small, urban and rural, formal and informal – where people live, learn, work, and create. Opportunities for employment, education, and access to health care are some of the principal factors that attract people to urban settlements. The urbanization process has resulted in more urban settlements with larger populations and the dramatic expansion of existing urban centres.

In a developing country such as South Africa, poor people tend to be the most vulnerable to environmental disturbance, because they have fewer resources to help them cope with disaster.  They have low incomes, restricted choices regarding location and employment, are less able to afford food or to save and accumulate assets, and are often powerless.  Both global and local consequences of environmental damage impact upon poor people

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This page was last updated 31/07/2017